Improvement of Methodology for the Generation of Farms Prices from Commercial Livestock and Poultry Farms
The primary objective of the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS) is to gather data on farm prices to support its programs and policy making in the agriculture sector. Farm price data are used in the valuation of gross output in agriculture, and yield indices to measure the welfare of farmers. However, there is an existing issue on the non-availability of price data for commercial livestock. Changes in the structure of livestock and poultry industry were observed over the years. These changes were the increasing number of commercial farms and the proliferation of livestock and poultry integrators in the country. The Farm Prices Survey (FPS) of the BAS covers a large number of crops, livestock and poultry items. In the case of livestock such as cattle, carabao, hogs and goats, only backyard raisers are being covered in the survey, while commercial farms are excluded. On the other hand, both backyard raisers and commercial farm raisers for poultry items such as chickens, ducks and eggs are covered, however, poultry integrators are excluded. This study focused on reviewing the existing methodology of the FPS and the Commercial Livestock and Poultry Survey (CLPS) to generate farm price statistics from commercial livestock, poultry farms and poultry integrators. The coverage of the methodology review began from the sampling frame, sampling design and sample size, down to the collection period, collection forms, data processing and data analysis.