Estimation of the 1994 Provincial Poverty Threshold and Incidence Rate
Development planning has always carried with it the objective of income redistribution or the eradication of poverty. It is therefore important to ascertain the magnitude of poverty as it presently exists from area to area. Sub-regional estimates on the poverty levels/incidence rates are necessary elements of an effective poverty intervention thrust of the government in line with the implementation of the Local Government Code. This study then aims to estimate poverty thresholds and incidence rates at the provincial levels in Region I using the 1994 Family and Income Expenditure Survey (FIES). In estimating the food component of the poverty threshold, provincial nutritionists formulated low cost menus of their respective provinces following the advice of the Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI). For the estimation of non-food components, minimum standards for the requirements under the non-food component for a typical poor family was also formulated. The study results on poverty thresholds and incidence rates are higher than the preliminary estimates of the National Statistical Coordinating Board (NSCB).