Statistical Development of Administrative Reports on Children Education
Author: Teresita E. Valerio, Patrick Dennis L. Solosa
The 1995 mid-decade goals of the Philippine Plan of Action for Children (PPAC) focusing on education includes the increase in elementary school participation rate, in the elementary cohort survival rate, and the literacy rate. Progress monitoring of indicators and statistics plays a key role in the attainment of the PPAC targets. Major sources of the education sector statistics are the Census of Population and Housing (CPH) of the National Statistics Office (NSO) and the Statistical Bulletin of the Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS). However, assessment of data requirements shows that some crucial for monitoring of education, specifically for the children sector, are either not available at all or are not available in the derived frequency and disaggregation. This study aims to address the gap in the administrative reports that will contain elementary school participation rate and elementary cohort survival rate. DECS’ Educational Management Information System (EMIS), particularly the education statistics database, is the key source of data for the study. To predict enrollment for the current school year, a regression equation was used using the enrollment rate of the preceding school year. Using past enrollment records gathered from the pilot areas of DECS Region IV Office, the statistical method on regression estimation was found to be a feasible way of filling in data gaps on the requisite variables. An alternative for estimating total enrollment figures when there is incomplete submission of education records is by using the regression estimates arrived from the completed and already available records. These regression estimates are reliable for a one-school-year prediction of statistics for elementary education.